The question of development of cognitive activity was addressed by many researchers and practitioners. But here came my turn to delve into the study of this problem. And therefore your attention I would like to present the experience of implementation in the educational and developmental activities of the Department in such form of cognitive activity of preschool children, interactive tour.
It seems appropriate to begin our narrative with some theoretical aspects, on which I relied when designing tour programs and which, in principle, and prompted the choice of this form of sightseeing.
In the first place. What is cognitive activity? Under cognitive activity of preschool children should understand the activity, manifested in the learning process. It is expressed in passionate about making information, in an independent search for answers to the questions, in the manifestation of creativity. Also an important characteristic of cognitive activity is the ability to assimilate the ways of knowing and to use the obtained knowledge in the future.
A variety of parenting techniques, parents can apply depending on the characteristics, behaviour and age of the child. To apply and to choose the methods of parents depends on their level of psychological and pedagogical knowledge, and how they themselves were brought up, etc.
The choice of methods of education of children affected by the behavior of parents, who may be ambivalent, authoritarian and democratic.
These methods form not only a Mature person, complete harmony, they sometimes become the cause of various psychological complexes.
The main methods used in the education of children .
Method of persuasion and conversation . This method is used in the education of children with any character and at different ages. In conversation with children, parents argue and explain how to properly maintain in a variety of situations, figuring out the motivations of the child. The tone of the conversation parents have to be firm and confident calm. Even kids at the age of one year, not knowing how else to respond, carefully listen to their parents, responding to their intonation.
Method of positive reinforcement . Reinforcements are some parental actions that follow his deeds and actions. Reinforcement is positive (positive) and negative. Positive reinforcement we include gratitude, praise, positive parental actions (to give a new toy, turn on cartoons, Continue reading
Almost all human actions in adult life, programmed since childhood. Our education, the attitude of the parents, their relationships with each other – all this determines our future. Fears, too, have their origins in childhood. Initially all fears rather primitive and fully natural. According to psychologists, children’s fears can be helpful. They help the child learn about the world, to remember the dangers that lurk, and avoid them in the future. But, having played a positive role, your fears should disappear, and someone they stay and allow them to live a full and happy life.
Psychologists to “cure” fears exactly memories, that is, to stop being afraid of something – you need to thoroughly examine all of your childhood available to the memories, to understand the causes of this fear, to analyze in detail the mistakes their parents, to make a few manipulations with his mind and the fear will disappear. Quite a chore, but many say effectively.
Parents, as you know, I want children, but sometimes only because of my own ignorance can cause serious problems in the baby.
In this article I want to review the most common childhood fears and their causes, perhaps someone it will help to avoid the mistakes that so hard then treated by psychologists.
Fear of doctors (pain)
When the child will have an unpleasant medical procedure, such as a vaccination Continue reading