The social situation of development of the preschool child

The most important personal mechanism formed in the preschool period, is the subordination of motives. Previously, if several desires arise at the same time, the child was in an almost intractable situation for him of choice. Gradually motives preschooler get a different effect and significance. Already in preschool age, the child is relatively easy to make a decision in a situation of choice.

Undemanding—discipline. 2. Soft—strictness. 3. Autonomy—control. 4. Emotional distance—closeness. 5. The rejection—acceptance. 6. The lack of cooperation—cooperation. 7. Anxiety for the child. 8. Inconsistency is the consistency. 9. Educational confrontation in the family. 10. Satisfaction with the relationship with the child. To interpret the data

t despite the importance of cognitive development, a child’s harmonious development is impossible without an emotional relationship to the environment. For early childhood characterized by generally quiet emotion, the absence of strong affective outbursts and conflicts for minor reasons. But this doesn’t mean reducing the richness of the emotional life of the child. Day preschooler so

What happens when a child comes to school? The rearrangement of the whole system of relations of the child with reality. As underlined by D. B. Elko-ning, preschooler, there are two spheres of social relations “child – adult” and “child – children”. At school there is a new structure etiguette. The system “child – adult” is differentiated. The system “child – teacher”

At the beginning of each age period is quite peculiar, exceptional and unique relationship between the child and the surrounding reality, especially social. This ratio is called the social situation of development at a given age (a term introduced by L. S. Vygotsky). The social situation of development is the initial moment for all dynamic changes,

In considering the question of periodization of mental development, Vygotsky noted the need to identify an objective basis, indicating changes in age and the transition of the child to a new stage of development. He introduced the concept of “psychological neoplasms” and “social situation of development” (the nature of the relationship between the child and society, which are formed in this period). L. S. Vygotsky

Initially, we note the impact of single-parent families (20% of total respondents). Significant increase in the number of fears in their families occurs primarily in boys in the preschool age. The absence of the father in the family disrupts the formation of the behaviours associated with gender, and psychological protection coming from outside threats. This is partly reflected on the girls, because they also need protection skill

The social situation of development represents the transition from dependent childhood to independent and responsible adulthood. Teen takes an intermediate position between childhood and adulthood. Social situation as conditions of development in adolescence is fundamentally different from the social situation in childhood, not so much by external circumstances, how much for internal reasons. Teen

The social situation of joint activity of the child with an adult falling apart. Separation from adult creates a new social situation, inwhich the child strives for independence. The trend is natural and permanent. As the child already discovered that there are adults, in front of him appears a complicated world of adults. Before this time the child used to live with adults. This

According To A. V. Petrovsky social situation of development, or broader social environment may be stable or changing, which means the relative stability and change in the social community in which the child is placed, people. Entrance of the child as a social being in the life of this community involves passing three phases: adaptation to existing in this community norms,

> Human ontogenesis takes place in cultural space and in a certain historical period of time – menny. There are effects both on the part of such space on the individual, TAC and return. The process of this interaction, i.e. from certain – wearing between the individual and the environment, is the specific conditions under which “scan” geneti-‘

Neoplasms that arise towards the end of the first year of life, with the need to cause the construction of a new social situation of development. This situation is a joint activity with an adult. The contents of this joint activity is to teach the public ‘ developed ways to use items, which that child was opened and then become his world. With-‘

The empirical material related to General intelligence, impressive in its scope. I have grouped the extensive data from the book by E. Maccoby and Jacqueline K. techniques, ages and results. The main conclusion that arises from the study is the lack of sex differences. This pattern is seen in all ages (from newborns to seventy years old), in different cultures (USA,

The development of perception in the preschool years is associated with the formation of the ways and means of orientation. At this age, studies have shown L. A. Wenge-RA, D. B. Elkonin, there is assimilation of sensory standards (color, shape, size) and standards of phonemes of the native language. Mastering public developed standards, or measures, is changing the nature of child mishle – tion, in the development of thinking

Because of the complexity, diversity of pedagogical process in education requires a very different — and in its themes and topics of the study. A very important psychological research. In psychological research is the most effective for the specific situation of the mechanisms of mental development, psychological rehabilitation of inmates, multiplying their creative

Part IV Emergency situations of a social nature

Part IV Emergency social

Identity is formed by the end of preschool age through intense intellectual and personal development, it usually is considered a Central tumor of early childhood. Changing their ideas about “I”. If you ask a child of three years old: “You what?” – he will answer – “I’m great”. If you ask a child seven years old: “You what?” – he will reply: “I am small”. Speaking of

The social situation of the indissoluble unity of the child and the adult is inherently contradictory: needs of the child as in the adult and at the same time has no specific means of influence on him. This contradiction is solved throughout the entire period of infancy. Social situation the overall life of the child with his mother leads to the emergence of a new type of activity

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