Study of the abilities of the child
When learning abilities of the child in any case it is impossible to put the “diagnosis” Because gifted children are only potential opportunities that only under favorable conditions to show Early signs with special abilities occur occasionally, most often they focus in adolescence, when, in fact, carried out a diagnosis-to-career guidance Therefore psychologists, studying the existence of abilities of preschool iciv should talk about the propensity of a particular child to a particular activity, their task is to give parents, educators, directed. the curiosity of the baby, to emphasize that inherent ability and om – a kind of psychological realities, and from adults to ensure that they have evolved, not faded, not shazali.
To obtain and clarify information about their child’s abilities will help a number of diagnostic methods
During the observations, you should pay attention to the following features:
– type of activity, which are more than just interested in the child;
was the behavior prior to the work (an increased interest, enthusiasm, joy) and during its implementation;
– stability, the intensity of a specific activity;
– the desire for independence in solving problems, overcoming difficulties and setbacks;
– increased persistence in achieving results;
– originality of thoughts, opinions, ways of solving the problem;
– quick mastery of new techniques;
– the desire to use a variety of materials, learn new things, to act at its own discretion;
– return to the job. activity after rest Informative also the technique of complete sentences
which is often used in psychological and pedagogical practice She is that an adult starts a sentence, and the child must quickly come up with its ending, for Example: “I want”, “For me the most interesting Viseu “,” most of all I love to play “,” My favorite toys “,” like “,” I hate “,” I’m not in love “,” I don’t like to do “, etc. Then fix spent on thinking time, Kazan, analysis of the characteristics that make the conclusion about the interest and inclinations of the child, already point to specific sposobnosti characteristics, roblet concluded schodo succulent I nahill baby, that already without on pawn sdet.
To determine what kind of artistic or intellectual ability, dominate, apply a series of tasks in the form of the game (they are also used for the detection of left-handedness):
a) “Applause” Invite a child to clap (say, after playing the scenes “Theater”) and lock when a hand covers second, when the claps (dominates);
b) “Cams” Cross your fingers of both hands into a fist, and let your child do the same Identify, the thumb which hand – left or right – will be the top;
in) “Angry” Invite a child to cross his arms on his chest (“the office”) be careful which hand bottom covered in this gesture;
d) “Necklace” For carrying out the exercises, take the beads (buttons), and a large needle and thread the Child nansulate necklace, while she actively move the dominant hand is Active actions considered n stringing the beads on the needle and pulling it through through nih them;
d) “Bottles” Take some empty bottles with curls Observe which hand the child making active movements (spins the lid or drew the bottle);
d) “Sticks” At the direction of the child puts counting sticks (one, two, three) in the box, then adult stages instructs exercise: “Put three sticks in a box red”, etc. the House yuujou have a hand that acts actively (opens, closes the box, takes out a wand, puts them)a of Palicki, the treasure they);
(e) “Phone” Invite a child to act out the conversation toy phone, note which hand she picks up the phone, dials the number
After conducting a series of tasks together the data, analyze them and identify the hand that is dominant If it is left, psychophysiological indicators provide fertile ground for the development of creative ways rcih abilities (type “artist”) if right – can develop intellectual abilities (type – “the thinker”) the Same dominance of the left and right hand indicates a uniform makings in both the scope of inclinations in both spheres.
Verbal-slot method “I love * is used to determine the children’s affections, interests and aptitudes necessary For the game chips: the spoken sentences to put red or black chip If the child is positively said e, postponed, red chip, and if negative – black Proposal might be: “I love to write”, “I love to draw”, “I love to clean her room”, “I love to play”, “I love to bounce” skinny ubly, play it””I love pastebuffer” etc ..
Fixation of answers-chip allows you to update the information obtained in previous studies
An important place in identifying aptitudes, interests and abilities of preschool children is a graphical diagnostic methods, in particular drawing on the free theme adds information and analysis of these images, arbitrarily executed alone in the second half of the day Please note on the subject, General and composite character, meet the elements, their size, color, razreshenie.
Mental endowments will help to identify the standard tests for preschoolers: intelligence scale Wechsler, which consists of five subtests on the solution of educational tasks, motor coordination and the late Anna visual stimuli (mazes, completing the picture, constructing with blocks, geometric diagrams, etc.); test Thorens to determine the level of development of thinking, imagination, skills in designing paintings, head Arsene cards, etc.); intelligence scale Stanford-Binet, which allows to determine the mental age of the child and to identify the coefficient And intelligence.
The method of expert evaluations involves the elucidation of the opinions of adults who know the child (parents, teachers, grandparents and others) on her mental abilities are taken into account the following indicators:
– like complicated intellectual games (chess, checkers, etc.);
– puts adult a lot of challenging and original questions;
– has extensive vocabulary and a high level of reasoning, knows special terms;
– interested in different information;
– early learned to read, independently wanting this;
– reads a lot of books;
– like to talk with older children and adults;
– always joins in the conversations about the Universe gives his assessment of the facts of nature;
– absent-minded, but able to interesting generalizations and conclusions;
– independently seeking answers to obscure questions;
– avoid movements that loves to clean, wash;
– appreciates a good joke and she has a sense of humor;
– committed to participate in solving complex problems, draw conclusions;
– has a rich imagination, seeking innovative solutions to problems;
– smart, self-confident and their knowledge;
– seeks separation from peers, avoid intercourse and likes to be alone;
– understands the double meaning of the conversation, subtext, tone;
Evaluation occurs as follows: a few people put points (0 to 5) on all indicators; the results are attached is determined by the total score high results – from 200 to 300 points; August ing from 100 to 200; low – from 0 to 100 below.
To obtain accurate results in the diagnosis of preschoolers ‘ abilities should be remembered that capacity is a dynamic phenomenon, not frozen, can develop in the process of life, mental attitude and for zabezpechennya comfortable conditions for the study, the identity of the researcher affect the result.