Puzzle games and exercises for development of speech of preschool children
As a rule, children who entered first grade, they know how to count, read and seemingly fully prepared to schooling. However, the proportion of first-graders, faced with constant mental stress, encounters difficulties in solving and explaining math problems, formulating specific rules and concepts in the establishment and study of causality. One of the common reasons for this situation is lack of development in the preschool years verbal-logical thinking.
A large portion of future students owns a deployed phrasal speech, knowledge and skills in accordance with the program of mass of the kindergarten. At the same time, a close study of mental activity and speech of graduates showed that many it has the following features:
& superficial, inconsistent analysis of problems and situations, inability to allocate them in the main;
& the inability to synthesize information;
& the inability to plan;
& the inability to escape from the outside and see the inner deep side of the issue or phenomenon;
& difficulties in the formulation of logical operations plan, its progress and result.
Revealed the characteristic features of speech and intellectual activity are often among 6-7 years old children age, physiological. It is considered that prevails in preschool children visual-figurative thinking, which is based entirely on children’s feelings, perceptions and views. To abstract from sensory experience by means of concepts and arguments fully accessible only to the school children
age. This is indicated in the works of famous psychologists D. B. Elkonin, P. Y. Galperin, V. V. Davydov, V. stern, A. Wallon, piaget. And the most recent two believe that the thinking of the preschool child by nature illogical, as “not burdened with knowledge.”
Without questioning this statement, we can assume that the earlier you start to stimulate and develop logical thinking based on feelings and perceptions of the child, the higher will be the level of cognitive activity, the faster the smooth, natural transition from concrete thinking to a higher phase of it is abstract . In addition, intellectual and language links confirm the developmental impact of verbal-logical thinking to the speech of preschool children, both during normal development and under pathological conditions.
Games for kids
The teacher or parent chooses to play, the complexity of which is consistent with the child’s abilities. The availability of jobs and its successful implementation will give the child confidence, and he will have a desire to continue learning. Gradually you should move on to exercises that require more significant intellectual and speech efforts.
The Association of several children in the group will make the game more dynamic, emotional and effective.
In the process of doing these exercises preschooler activates the ability for analysis, synthesis, comparison and generalization. Regular and systematic work on the development of thinking will not only raise a child is ready for learning activities, interest in intellectual tasks and take pleasure in their accomplishments and prepare for school.
Every time the game will require preschooler deployed speech utterances, accurate selection of lexical and grammatical means. When you perform certain tasks especially will be actively involved attention, other will require serious work memory. Part of exercises, in addition to
thinking, stimulates the imagination of a preschooler, stimulate creative abilities of the child.
Thus, adults playing with a preschooler, improve the most valuable for the child’s mental processes: thinking, speech, attention, memory, imagination, creativity.
Characteristically, the conduct of games on offer does not require any special conditions. Play with your preschooler adult can, while walking on the street, waiting to go to the doctor, bus, train, on the way to kindergarten and even in the bathroom.
Not all exercises with pictures, and this is no accident. Abstraction and generalization of the most essential features worthily occurs in situations when the child is not “tied” to a specific object. When solving these tasks the child will need a hint, the Board of parent or the teacher. Such assistance of the adult and its stakeholder communication will help a child not only to cope with the intended purpose, but will make joint activities fun, creative, educational.
After describing certain games left. Parents and teachers will be interesting to record the children’s responses in order to remember them later, to analyze, to discuss with a specialist.
Thinking is extremely complex mental process, to the end of yet undiscovered by scientists. However, the “big” thinking starts small, with relatively simple properties and operations that need to be improved with early childhood. If adults will focus on accuracy, clarity and completeness of all of the formulations of the child needed to solve intellectual tasks, that is the material the shell of thought — speech, both of these processes will be further developed.
Good luck to you!
Teacher-speech therapist, Balkovec O. A.
DEVELOPED VERBAL – LOGICAL THINKING
1. Can the table where it is unscrewed 2 legs to stand? Why?
2. Can the tram to go around the girl standing on the tracks?
3. Hold out 2 bulbs, if I put them on each other?
4. Will the dice roll? Why?
5. Can Bicycle to overtake the car? Why?
6. If on the TV show soccer — the ball may fly out and hit the boy?
7. You have a small bag and big bag, both with fries. It is easier to carry?
8. Who in the woods are hard to see? But someone easily?
9. Who are easy to spot in the snow, but someone difficult?
10. Around the room ran a black kitten and fell in a jar of flour. Suddenly there was a white kitten. Where did he come from?
11.Mom looked out the window and says: “On the street in a strong wind!” (“Night it was raining”.) How did she know?
12.Maybe a subway train collide with the bus?
13.In deep snow easier to go on foot or on skis?
14.What would happen if a boy climbs into a bathtub full of water?
15.Summer skiing? Why?
16.In winter, the hare changes its coat with grey to white. Why?
17.Than post differs from the tree?
18.Why ice floes in the river are in the spring?
19.Dad son bought ice cream, put it in his jacket pocket and forgot. When an hour later dad remembered about ice cream, its in the pocket. Where did it go?
20.Dad lifts weights, and the boy can’t. Why?
21.If a person jumps from a plane, it crashes. What about jumpers?
22.If the roof of the house to throw the handkerchief, and the stone that will fall faster to the ground?
23.Why winter wear coats?
24.If a fur coat to put on the snow, the snow under it melts?