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The Development of cognitive activity

The question of development of cognitive activity was addressed by many researchers and practitioners. But here came my turn to delve into the study of this problem. And therefore your attention I would like to present the experience of implementation in the educational and developmental activities of the Department in such form of cognitive activity of preschool children, interactive tour.

It seems appropriate to begin our narrative with some theoretical aspects, on which I relied when designing tour programs and which, in principle, and prompted the choice of this form of sightseeing.

In the first place. What is cognitive activity? Under cognitive activity of preschool children should understand the activity, manifested in the learning process. It is expressed in passionate about making information, in an independent search for answers to the questions, in the manifestation of creativity. Also an important characteristic of cognitive activity is the ability to assimilate the ways of knowing and to use the obtained knowledge in the future.

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Children’s fears and how to deal with them

Some parents do not attach importance to the fears of children. It happens that parents stubbornly ignore the fear of a child or, even worse, ridiculed him, scolded, punished. But there comes a time and parents are forced to notice the fear of the child, because the consequences of fears become too obvious (aggression, sleep disturbance, confusion, neurosis). Only in this case to help a child is much more difficult.

Fear is based on the instinct of self-preservation, has a protective nature and is accompanied by certain physiological changes in higher nervous activity, which affects heart rate and respiration, blood pressure, the secretion of gastric juice.

In the most General form of the emotion of fear arises in response to a threatening stimulus. There are two threats that have universal and at the same time fatal in its outcome. It’s death and the collapse of values, in contrast to such concepts as life, health, assertiveness, personal and social well-being. But in addition to extreme expressions of fear always involves the experience of any real or imagined danger.

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Sex education for children

How should respond to parents, caregivers manifestations of curiosity to the genitals? First, to understand the motivations of the children. They are driven by curiosity and in no way depravity, or an unhealthy desire. The girls, as did the opening four year old boy, there is no “Piwnica”, and the boys are not like girls “because they at the bottom of the tube” – concluded his same age, which began to attend kindergarten. This curiosity about genitalia, usually ends.

Secondly, you need to patiently explain to the kid what to behave, to peep, to expose genitals, touching them ugly and unworthy. As rightly pointed out by V. Levi, from early childhood boys and girls should learn the concept of “indecent”. In any case, we should not blame the child in raspotocje or to punish. Rigor in the assessment of parents such manifestations of sexual shamelessness should not cross this boundary, when the child begins to feel like a criminal.

Teachers of kindergartens are well aware that not all children (especially those who live in one-child families and did not attend for any reason, pre-schools), reaching school age, you know that boys differ from girls not only because they wear different clothes, but the structure of the genital organs.

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Puzzle games and exercises for development of speech of preschool children
As a rule, children who entered first grade, they know how to count, read and seemingly fully prepared to schooling. However, the proportion of first-graders, faced with constant mental stress,…

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Difficulties
Not hard to guess that people who have achieved success, and that, as a rule, politicians, actors, business men for a long time were "not on the horse" and had…

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Women's "Ladies ' happiness"
About the lies written hundreds of books. All the works and artistic, and scientific lie is always bad. However, many authors say that sometimes, in special cases, a person can…

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