The question of development of cognitive activity was addressed by many researchers and practitioners. But here came my turn to delve into the study of this problem. And therefore your attention I would like to present the experience of implementation in the educational and developmental activities of the Department in such form of cognitive activity of preschool children, interactive tour.
It seems appropriate to begin our narrative with some theoretical aspects, on which I relied when designing tour programs and which, in principle, and prompted the choice of this form of sightseeing.
In the first place. What is cognitive activity? Under cognitive activity of preschool children should understand the activity, manifested in the learning process. It is expressed in passionate about making information, in an independent search for answers to the questions, in the manifestation of creativity. Also an important characteristic of cognitive activity is the ability to assimilate the ways of knowing and to use the obtained knowledge in the future.
But, unfortunately, there are some circumstances that lead me to encourage You to use this chance in life as possible.
What are these circumstances?
Computer for a child is a whole different world . A world that could easily replace him with the real world. Often this happens easily and quickly, because this illusory world much brighter and more dynamic than any reality. And it may very much:
1. First of all: a sense of control of events, a sense of ownership of reality.
Playing computer games, the child feels the center of the world, because all the events affected himself. And the better he gets, the more pleasure he feels. Virtual life is much more dynamic and interesting than real life. The child who has no real friends, interesting activities and events simply nothing to oppose this!
In real life, to get a feeling of satisfaction, and would have had to work hard and work on yourself. And often, experience, and an extremely painful feeling of disappointment and despair. Returning to reality from the virtual world, the child feels helpless in the face of pressing problems. He again wants to return to the sweet Continue reading
The most important personal mechanism formed in the preschool period, is the subordination of motives. Previously, if several desires arise at the same time, the child was in an almost intractable situation for him of choice. Gradually motives preschooler get a different effect and significance. Already in preschool age, the child is relatively easy to make a decision in a situation of choice.
Undemanding—discipline. 2. Soft—strictness. 3. Autonomy—control. 4. Emotional distance—closeness. 5. The rejection—acceptance. 6. The lack of cooperation—cooperation. 7. Anxiety for the child. 8. Inconsistency is the consistency. 9. Educational confrontation in the family. 10. Satisfaction with the relationship with the child. To interpret the data
t despite the importance of cognitive development, a child’s harmonious development is impossible without an emotional relationship to the environment. For early childhood characterized by generally quiet emotion, the absence of strong affective outbursts and conflicts for minor reasons. But this doesn’t Continue reading