Early childhood — a very short span in the life of a person. But during this time the child acquires significantly more than for the rest of his life. Many psychologists and educators believe that the most important is the age from birth to three years.
Famous Japanese specialist on early development Masaru Ibuka in his book “After three late” tells the story of how early life experiences affect the future destiny of man. The fastest leapfrog development occurs just at this time. But after three years the child continues to learn about the world. So the fact remains — all children of preschool age are unusually sensitive to all kinds of influences. If we do not notice the results of some impacts, this does not suggests that they are not. Preschoolers are ready to chat, learn new skills, develop existing abilities. The task of parents — to put them on the right path.
Visual-figurative thinking begins to emerge in children at the age of one and a half years and finally formed to five years. Using such thinking, the child is able to solve different tasks with real objects. This means that a child aged four to five Continue reading
Some parents do not attach importance to the fears of children. It happens that parents stubbornly ignore the fear of a child or, even worse, ridiculed him, scolded, punished. But there comes a time and parents are forced to notice the fear of the child, because the consequences of fears become too obvious (aggression, sleep disturbance, confusion, neurosis). Only in this case to help a child is much more difficult.
Fear is based on the instinct of self-preservation, has a protective nature and is accompanied by certain physiological changes in higher nervous activity, which affects heart rate and respiration, blood pressure, the secretion of gastric juice.
In the most General form of the emotion of fear arises in response to a threatening stimulus. There are two threats that have universal and at the same time fatal in its outcome. It’s death and the collapse of values, in contrast to such concepts as life, health, assertiveness, personal and social well-being. But in addition to extreme expressions of fear always involves the experience of any real or imagined danger.
Understanding the dangers Continue reading