Group # 5
Our children are older by one year. Now they are students of the preparatory group, the oldest in kindergarten. Soon in school! How will the education of the child in the first grade, largely depends on our efforts. “Why today Petya woke up ten times? Because today he starts first grade. “. These lines from a poem by A. Barto is well known to all of us. How to meet the child with the school, will largely depend on the attitude to school he goes, what expectations will be formed. The strivings to become scholars is an enrichment of the overall development of the preschool child, creating a positive mind-set on a new stage of life.
Serious attitude of the family to prepare a child for school should be based primarily on the desire to form a child’s desire to learn a lot and learn a lot by teaching children independence, interest, and friendliness towards others, self-confidence, lack of fear to speak their mind and ask questions, be proactive in communicating with teachers.
What is characterized by an independent child? Independence of the senior preschool age is evident in his ability and desire to act without the help of an adult, in the willingness to seek answers to questions. Independence is always associated with the manifestation of activity, initiative, elements of creativity. Independent your child is, first and foremost a child who as a result of successful activities, supported by the approval of others, feels confident. The whole situation of schooling (new requirements for the behavior and activities of a student, new rights, responsibilities, relationships) is based on the fact that during the years of early childhood the child has formed the basis of autonomy, the elements of self-regulation, organization. The relative ability to solve independently the available tasks is a precondition for social maturity in the school. Experience shows that first-grader, who has not developed this quality experiences in school serious neuropsychiatric overload. New situation, new requirements cause him anxiety and self-doubt. The habit of constant care by an adult for the performing model of behavior of the child in preschool childhood, prevented him from entering into the General rhythm of the class, make him helpless when performing tasks. Ill-conceived tactics of education, the desire of an adult, even with the best of intentions, constantly nurture and help your child in elementary matters in advance create serious difficulties for his training. Adaptation to school these children are significantly delayed.
The tutor offers parents to read the contents of the memo.
“How to cultivate the child’s independence”.
1) Constantly enrich the knowledge and skills of children.
2) to Create conditions that encourage the child to actively use their existing knowledge and skills.
3) to Raise the interest to act independently, regularly offering new jobs.
4) Constantly change tactics to guide the activities of the child: from direct methods (demonstration, explanation) proceed to indirect (hint, reminder).
5) Support the desire to overcome difficulties, to pursue the case.
6) Orient the child to get a good result.
7) To continuously expand the scope of autonomy of the child. Uncover new opportunities to show the growth of his achievements, to associate independence with the challenges of the future of schooling.
8) to Maintain a child’s sense of joy and pride for their successful operation.
Advice for parents
TOPIC: “the Role of play in preparing a child for school”.
Preschool is a wonderful period in the life of any person. This is a period of development of motivation, desire to do something, to Express yourself, to create, to communicate. All this happens in their own child’s activity – in the game, drawing, designing, dancing, singing. Fun activities – leading to the child of preschool age. In the game the child tries on new roles, learn about life. To underestimate the importance of play in the development of preschoolers cannot. After all the training activities formed only seven years. So, in order to teach a child something new, to teach him the game. Preparing for school is not to learn how to read and write. Many parents think that the earlier a child starts to write, the more capable it will be. But this is absolutely not the right idea. The letter is a skill that has almost nothing to do with personal development, motivation. The best preparation for school is normally living his childhood years. Teach your kids to play! How often do parents hear from a child: “will you Play with me, please!”. And what a joy he feels when mom or dad are finally breaking away from the endless Affairs and concerns, agree to be a patient in the hospital, buyer at the supermarket or the hairdresser.
For children, play is not only fun and excitement. This is a world in which he lives, through which attains life, learning to build relationships with other people. Using games to develop memory, attention, thinking, imagination and mental functions necessary for successful learning in school, successful adaptation in a new children’s team. “It is in the game appear different sides of the child’s personality, met many intellectual and emotional needs, it character, writes B. V. Nikitin. – What would you do, what would not have been sought, immerse yourself in the world of childhood as imagining, bathed in it your child. And it has to be done quickly, otherwise you can miss a whole life.”
The game has the most direct relationship to school readiness. It has everything that is necessary for the full development of the child. And this is its irreplaceable value. In games, the child is formed as an active figure: he defines the idea and embodies it in the game plot. In its discretion make adjustments to the game plans, self comes in contact with peers, tries his strength and capabilities. Independence, activity, self – important characteristics of free play activities – play an invaluable role in shaping the personality of the future student. If role-playing games have a wider overall developmental impact on the personality of a preschooler, games with rules (didactic games) most directly related to the upcoming training activities and behavior of students. In games with rules is a kind of simulation, a child playing situations and actions, largely in the close to future training activities. In any didactic game is always a game task that the child should understand and accept (to learn what items to remove excess toys find the same, etc.); to resolve this issue, you must perform certain actions (to compare, analyze, measure, count). Many games with rules, such as Board printed, require the child quite complex actions, perform simultaneously several conditions, such games are developing and are important for future student arbitrariness of behavior and communication with adults and peers.
Playing at home with the children, it is important to comply with several conditions:
Clearly and expressively to explain to the children the task and the rules of the game;
To take in the game the position of an equal partner. To empathize with the players, vividly and emotionally react to the game, to show interest in the child’s behaviour;
During the game to give the child the opportunity to be in a role as a participant and presenter;
To vary the tasks and the rules of the game, developing the ability to arbitrarily restructure their behavior in accordance with changing game content;
Be sure to reward the winner of the game.